Wulfstan, Bishop of Worcester, 1095

Wulfstan was one of the few Anglo-Saxon bishops to retain his see after the Norman Conquest of England in 1066. Beloved by all classes of society for his humility, charity, and courage, he was born in Warwickshire about 1008 and educated in the Benedictine abbeys of Evesham and Peterborough. He spent most of his life in the cathedral monastery of Worcester as monk, prior, and then as bishop of the see from 1062 until his death on January 18, 1095. He accepted the episcopate with extreme reluctance, but having resigned himself to it, he administered the diocese with great effectiveness. Since the see of Worcester was claimed by the province of York before its affiliation as a suffragan see of Canterbury in 1070, Wulfstan was consecrated at York. As bishop, he rapidly became famous for his continued monastic asceticism and personal sanctity. He took seriously his pastoral duties as bishop, caring especially for the poor and preaching widely throughout his see.

Though Wulfstan had been confessor to King Harold of Wessex and was sympathetic to Harold’s claim to the English crown, he was among those who submitted to William of Normandy (the Conqueror) at Berkhamstead in 1066 and was therefore allowed to retain his see. At first, the Normans tended to disparage him for his lack of learning and his inability to speak French, but he became one of William’s most trusted advisers and administrators, and remained loyal in support of William the First and William the Second in their work of reform and orderly government. He assisted in the compilation of the Domesday Book, and supported William the First against the rebellious barons in 1075. William came to respect a loyalty based on principle and not on self-seeking. Archbishop Lanfranc also recognized the strength of Wulfstan’s character, and the two men worked together to end the practice at Bristol of capturing Englishmen and selling them as slaves in Ireland.

Because he was the most respected prelate of the Anglo-Saxon Church, Wulfstan’s profession of canonical obedience to the Conqueror’s Archbishop of Canterbury, Lanfranc, proved to be a key factor in the transition from Anglo-Saxon to Anglo-Norman Christianity. William’s policy, however, was to appoint his own fellow Normans to the English episcopate, and by the time of William’s death in 1087, Wulfstan was the only English-born bishop still living.

adapted from Lesser Feasts and Fasts (1980), with additions

The Collect

Lord God, you raised up Wulfstan to be a bishop among your people and a leader of your Church: Help us, after his example, to live simply, to work diligently, and to make your kingdom known; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

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The propers for the commemoration of Wulfstan, Bishop of Worcester, are published on the Lectionary Page website.

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